Quran Tutors Online

Salah (Muslim Prayers), also known as namaz, is a holy Muslim ritual. At various stages, prayer is performed standing, bowing, and sitting, with passages from the Quran and Sunna frequently uttered.

Prayer (salah) is one of Islam’s Five Pillars and a fundamental guiding concept that all Muslims must adhere to. Muslims should strive never to skip a prayer (Namaz). However, if you miss a prayer due to circumstances beyond your control, you must make it up as soon as possible or recite it during your next normal salah.

What are the Prayer Times?

The position of the sun in the sky and your location determine the hour of prayer (Namaz). In Muslim-majority communities, prayer hours are communicated by a daily call to prayer known as Adhan. The designated caller of prayer, known as a Muezzin, issues an Adhan from the local mosque.

The Muezzin proclaims Allahu Akbarโ€”’ God is Great’โ€”and the Shahadaโ€”’ There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is His Messenger.’ The Kalimah is integral to the call to prayer and the first of Islam’s Five Pillars. The iqama is another notification that informs Muslims that it is time to begin lining up in preparation for the start of prayer. Along with giving the Kalimah, the Muezzin declares the call to prayer, allowing Muslims in the area to keep an accurate prayer schedule.

Muslims must perform five prayers each day, each based on the sun’s location. They are:

  • Fajr (dawn): The first prayer to start your day before sunrise at actual dawn in memory of Allah (swt).
  • Dhuhr (Midday): A prayer to commemorate Allah and seek His guidance, recited shortly before or after noon, depending on the season. Usually, you will have already begun your workday and need a brief break.
  • Asr (afternoon): A prayer to ponder life’s meaning occurs in the late afternoon.ย 
  • Maghrib (sunset): The fourth daily prayer is called.ย 
  • Isha (night): occurs just after the sun sets to commemorate Allah (swt) before the day ends. Before bed and resting, the last prayer of the day is to pray and express thankfulness for Allah’s presence, mercy, guidance, and forgiveness.

In addition to these mandatory prayers, many Muslims prefer voluntary prayers to receive more rewards. These include Tahajjud, a night prayer spoken in the latter third of the night, and Duha, a prayer delivered between sunrise and noon.

Observing Prayer Times.

Prayer times must be observed and never conducted before the designated time, though making up a missed prayer is permissible. If you are in a location with height differences, pay attention to the height above sea level, as this can impact your prayer duration by a few minutes. For example, someone living or working on the top floor of a high-rise building will pray at a different hour than someone living or working on the base floor.

And be persistent in prayer, practice regular generosity, and lower your heads with those who bow down in worship.” (Qurโ€™an, 2:43)

The narrative of Isra and Mi’raj explains why Muslims pray five times daily.

Prayer is essential to Islamic theology, emphasizing discipline and endurance for spiritual well-being. Muslims practice salat, or five-times-a-day prayer, as part of their discipline.

The habit of praying five times a day originated from an incident recorded in Islam’s holy book, the Quran.

The first verse of chapter 17 of the Quran describes the Prophet Muhammad’s fantastic trip from Makkah to Jerusalem and then to heaven in one night. The journey from Makkah to Jerusalem is known as Isra, which means “night trek,” while the journey from Jerusalem to heaven is known as Mi’raj, which means “ascend.”

The Islamic calendar designates the 27th day of the seventh month as Isra and Mi’raj Night, also known as Al Isra’ wal Miraj.

“This journey is difficult to believe for humans, but Allah is free of any of these reasonings,” says Hafiz Ahmed Rabbani, director of Quranic Studies at the Islamic Association of Greater Detroit in Rochester Hills. “Allah has no limitations; he can do anything.”

According to Islamic belief, Prophet Muhammad went to Jerusalem on the back of the Buraq, a magical monster believed to convey some prophets.

Prophet Muhammad then traveled with the angel Gabriel through the seven levels of heaven, seeing a different prophet at each level: Adam, John the Baptist, Jesus, Joseph, Idris, Aaron, Moses, and finally Abraham.

“Then he proceeded to meet Allah, where he received the gift of salat,” Rabbani states. “Allah instructs Prophet Muhammad to pray 50 times every day. When Prophet Muhammad returns to Earth, he encounters Moses and is instructed to return to Allah and request a reduction in daily prayers.

He alternates between Moses and Allah nine times, reducing the required daily prayers to five. Because of this, members of the Islamic faith practice praying five times daily while facing Makkah.

The imprecise depiction of the Buraq has captivated painters for centuries. Some describe it as a being whose body comprises various other species. Some paint the Buraq winged, while others depict it as having a beautiful woman’s visage.

Customs for Isra and Mi’raj Night vary. Some people retell their journeys, and they may offer specific prayers. Some Muslim countries commemorate the day by lighting up cities all night with electric lights and candles. However, according to Rabbani of the Islamic Association of Greater Detroit, “People come and worship, but we do not have any specific programs.”

“It is a significant day and journey, but we do not celebrate,” he explains. The Prophet Muhammad was told to pray five times a day. That is still a practice we do.”

How to Pray Salah: Step by Step

When we have completed our wudu correctly, we can pray salah. Here are the steps for the salah.

  • Standing
  • Takbir
  • Fatihah (recitation).
  • Ruku demonstrates bowing, while Sujud displays prostrations.
  • Tashahud – Sitting

To grasp the salah procedures, first realize that the prayer comprises rakah or prayer units. Each rakah contains the same basic steps.

The ritual will include standing, the Quranic verses recitation, bowing, and prostrating (sujud).

These rakahs will alter slightly depending on which prayer you are performing. Here is an overview of how the five daily prayers differ:

  • Fajr has four rakahs (two farz and two sunnah).
  • Dhur has ten rakahs (four farz and six sunnah).
  • Asr has four rakah (all farz)
  • Maghrib has fiverakah (three farz and two sunnah)
  • Isha has four (four farz, two sunnah, and three witr)

Let us break down each rakah of the salah step by step.

Learning to Pray: One Rakah at a Time.

Step 1: Make your purpose to pray.

We began the prayer by expressing our heartfelt intention to pray to Allah. Your sole emphasis should be on the prayer as soon as you begin.

Step 2: Raise your hands to your ears and shout, “Allahu Akbar.”

When you say “Allahu Akbar,” the prayer will begin. From this point forward, you should concentrate solely on the prayer and avoid all distractions.

Fun Fact: What do you believe Allahu Akbar means? We often recite this phrase in our prayers, and most Arabic-to-English translations define it as “Allah is Greatest.” However, the phrase’s true meaning is “Allah is greater.” It signifies that Allah is more significant than all that exists. Saying Allahu Akbar during salah reminds Muslims that Allah is more significant than all other thoughts and activities.

Step 3: Lower your hands and place them over your navel. Position your right hand over your left hand.

Step 4: Keep your eyes fixed on the ground before you.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) stated that while praying, one should always direct one’s eyes to the place where one will prostrate.

Although not required, reading the following dua (supplication) is strongly advised after uttering Allahu Akbar:

ุณูุจู’ุญูŽุงู†ูŽูƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽุจูุญูŽู…ู’ุฏููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุชูŽุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุงุณู’ู…ููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุฌูŽุฏู‘ููƒูŽ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‡ูŽ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑููƒูŽ

How perfect you are, Allah. I praise you for your blessed name, elevated position, and privilege to worship.

Step 5: Recite the first chapter of the Qur’an.

The first chapter of the Quran is known as Surah Fatihah. You will begin by speaking the following Arabic phrase:

ุฃูŽุนููˆุฐู ุจูุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽูŠุทูŽุงู†ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุฌููŠู…ู

ุจุณู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ุงู„ุฑุญูŠู…

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Shaytan (devil).

Then, begin reciting the chapter verse by verse in Arabic.

ุจูุณู’ู…ู ูฑู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูฑู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู€ูฐู†ู ูฑู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญููŠู…ู

ูฑู„ู’ุญูŽู…ู’ุฏู ู„ูู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฑูŽุจู‘ู ูฑู„ู’ุนูŽู€ูฐู„ูŽู…ููŠู†ูŽ ูข ูฑู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู€ูฐู†ู ูฑู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญููŠู…ู ูฃ ู…ูŽู€ูฐู„ููƒู ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ูฑู„ุฏู‘ููŠู†ู ูค ุฅููŠู‘ูŽุงูƒูŽ ู†ูŽุนู’ุจูุฏู ูˆูŽุฅููŠู‘ูŽุงูƒูŽ ู†ูŽุณู’ุชูŽุนููŠู†ู ูฅ ูฑู‡ู’ุฏูู†ูŽุง ูฑู„ุตู‘ูุฑูŽูฐุทูŽ ูฑู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ุชูŽู‚ููŠู…ูŽ ูฆ ุตูุฑูŽูฐุทูŽ ูฑู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ุนูŽู…ู’ุชูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ูฑู„ู’ู…ูŽุบู’ุถููˆุจู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูฑู„ุถู‘ูŽุงู“ู„ู‘ููŠู†ูŽ ูง

This is the meaning of the verses in Surah Fatihah:

In the name of God, the exceedingly compassionate and merciful.

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.

The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful.

Master on Judgment Day.

We adore You alone, and we want Your help only.

Please direct us to the route of people You have favored rather than those who have caused us to be angry or misled.

After reciting Surah Fatihah, you may read another chapter from the Qurโ€™an. However, at the absolute least, you must recite Surah Fatihah during each raka’at of prayer.

Step 6: Bow down. This is known as the “ruku.”

As you bow down, say ‘Allahu Akbar’. Maintain a straight back, hands on knees, and eyes on the ground where you will be prostrating.

When you are in this posture, you will speak the line three times:

Subhanna rabbeeyal adheem

‘How flawless is my Lord, the Magnificent?’

Step 7: Return to standing up.

As you rise from the ruku stance to a standing position, place your hands to your ears and say:

ุณูŽู…ูุนูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู„ูู…ูŽู†ู’ ุญูŽู…ูุฏูŽู‡ู

ย ุฑูŽุจูŽู‘ู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽูƒูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู…ู’ุฏู

‘Allah hears those who praise Him.’

“Our Lord, all praise is due to You.”

Step 8: Go down to perform the prostration. This is known as โ€˜sujudโ€™.

As you go into this position, say Allahu Akbar.

Also, ensure your forehead, nose, palms of both hands, knees, and toes are on the ground.

Step 9: Say this statement while in sujud (prostration).

Say this statement three times.

Subhanna rabbeeyal โ€˜Alaa

How perfect is my Lord, the Most High!

Step 10: Rise from sujud and take a minute to reflect on the perfection of our Lord, the Most High.

Say Allahu Akbar when you rise from sujud and sit on your left leg. Your left foot will rest on the floor, and your right foot will be upright. Put your hands on your knees.

In this situation, it is best to beg Allah for forgiveness.ย 

A simple and easy answer is:

Rabbigh-fir lee

O Lord, pardon me.

Step 11 – Return to the position of sujud.

You will repeat step 9 twice, execute a second sujud, and pronounce subhanna rabbeeyal ‘alaa three times.

Step 12: Arise from the sujud to return to standing, saying Allahu Akbar.

Congratulationsโ€”you have just finished one full rakah! These twelve steps complete the first rakah of each prayer.

When you reach the end of the second rakah, you will do the tashahud (step 13).

Step 13: Perform the tashahud at the end of every two rakahs.

Instead of standing up after the two sujuds, sit on your legs and knees again. You would raise your right index finger and say:

ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุญููŠู‘ูŽุงุชู ู„ูู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุตู‘ูŽู„ูŽูˆูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ุทู‘ูŽูŠู‘ูุจูŽุงุชูุŒ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู„ุงูŽู…ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ุฃูŽูŠู‘ูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ูˆูŽุฑูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุจูŽุฑูŽูƒูŽุงุชูู‡ูุŒ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู„ุงูŽู…ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุนูุจูŽุงุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุงู„ูุญููŠู†ูŽุŒ ุฃูŽุดู’ู‡ูŽุฏู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ุงูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‡ูŽ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุดู’ู‡ูŽุฏู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏู‹ุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูู‡ู

Allah deserves all our compliments, prayers, and pure words: peace, O Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and blessings.

Peace be upon us and the upright slaves of Allah.

I bear witness that no one has the right to worship save Allah and that Muhammad is His slave and messenger.

Suppose this is the final rakah of the prayer. In that case, you will add the following to the tashahud:

ูฑู„ู„ูŽู‘ูฐู‡ูู…ูŽู‘ ุตูŽู„ูู‘ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ูฐ ู…ูุญูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฏู ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ูฐ ุขู„ู ู…ูุญูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฏู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุตูŽู„ูŽู‘ูŠู’ุชูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ูฐ ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ูฐ ุขู„ู ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู…ูŽ ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ูƒูŽ ุญูŽู…ููŠุฏูŒ ู…ูŽุฌููŠุฏูŒ ูฑู„ู„ูŽู‘ูฐู‡ูู…ูŽู‘ ุจูŽุงุฑููƒู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ูฐ ู…ูุญูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฏู ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ูฐ ุขู„ู ู…ูุญูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฏู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒู’ุชูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ูฐ ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ูฐ ุขู„ู ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู…ูŽ ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ูƒูŽ ุญูŽู…ููŠุฏูŒ ู…ูŽุฌููŠุฏูŒ

Allah, send prayers upon Muhammad and his family (or followers), just as You did for Ibrahim and his family. You are full of praise and majesty.

May Allah bless Muhammad and his family, just as He blessed Ibrahim and his family. You are full of praise and majesty.

The ‘tasleem’: After reciting the second half of the tashahud, pronounce the “tasleem.”

Tasleem means to gaze to your right and say:

ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ุงูŽู…ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ู‡ูย 

Then, look to the left and repeat it.

The prayer will be complete after you utter the tasleem.

You now know how to conduct a rakah, which is one unit of prayer. The next stage combines two, three, or four rakahs to form one salah. If you have any questions or are confused about combining two to three rakahs, let us know in the comment section, and we will guide you INSHALLAH.

Final Words

By reading the article, we now know the Salah perfect times, their significance, and their method of performing. The times for Salah are determined by the sun; fajr starts before it rises, and Isha can be performed after maghrib, which can be praying after sunset. Its method consists of physical steps and reciting the Quranic verses and some Arabic phrases. However, before prayers, we must do waddu (ablution) to be clean. Prayers are not just a daily routine; they connect men to Allah, the real God.ย Whether mandatory for every Muslim, it also emphasizes devotion, introspection, and a sense of connection to something higher. May Allah give us the heart whole of prayer satisfaction.