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Islam elevated women’s standing; in most cases, they were granted the same rights as men. Thus, it is required of women, just as men, to believe in and worship Allah. In the Hereafter, women are granted the same rewards as males. Women have the right to self-expression, to offer accurate counsel, to prohibit wrong deeds, and to urge people to Allah. 

Women are entitled to possess property, purchase and sell, inherit, donate to charities, and exchange gifts. No one can take a woman’s money without her permission. See the complete answer for additional information regarding women’s rights in Islam.

Rights in Inheritance

If a woman is entitled to inherit property as a mother, she may be entitled to 1/6, 1/3, or 1/3 of the residue; if she is entitled to inherit property as a wife, she may be entitled to 1/4 or 1/8 of the deceased’s property; if she is entitled to inherit property as a daughter, her share is 1/2 if there is only one daughter and no son; if there are two or more daughters and no son, their share is 2/3; if there is a son, there will be residue and each daughter will receive half of the son; in addition, parents may choose to divide property equally between a son and a daughter.

Right to Seek Knowledge

In Islam, both men and women must acquire knowledge. In this aspect, an unmarried woman has complete freedom to pursue knowledge, and no one may prevent her from doing so. A married woman has the right to acquire knowledge but must respect the rights of her husband and children. According to a hadith, Prophet Muhammad (P.) said: “Seeking knowledge is mandatory for every Muslim”. (Al Bayhaqi).

Right to Participate in Politics

Islam guaranteed men and women’s political independence. There are opportunities for a woman to participate in politics. She can participate in political conventions, street marches, congregations, and Friday prayers and duas. She has the right to self-defense and to protect her property, and she can even fight in battle to maintain her country’s sovereignty. However, she must adhere to Islamic principles in all of these matters.

Marriage

Islam places equal value on the bride and groom. For a marriage to be deemed lawful, it must be proposed by one partner to the other and accepted by that partner. When a husband and wife are married, their authority over one other is limited to what the law permits and does not extend to their possessions. 

Muslims allow women to select the life mate they want to marry. No one, not even her mother, father, brother, sister, or paternal or maternal guardian, can force her to choose her partner or marry. Islam guarantees women’s rights, honor, and dignity, as well as equal standing for men and women in marriage. It also shows complete regard for women.

Right to Proprietorship

In terms of property ownership, Islam treats women and men equally. She may acquire property through lawful means and become the owner, and she has the right to dispose of that property in whatever legal manner she chooses. Nobody can meddle with her property, including her father, spouse, mother, and children. She is not responsible for bearing the family’s expenses, including her or the children’s maintenance. The husband has no rights to her personal property. She is not liable to pay her husband’s debt. However, if necessary, he may take a loan from her, in which case she will have full creditor rights.

Ability to Select a Home

A lady is free to select where she wants to live. In Islamic law, a married woman must dwell at her husband’s home since the husband is responsible for providing her with adequate support. A married woman chooses where to live based on her husband’s abilities and benefits, upholding the family’s honor. Islam forbids her from claiming residency in such a place, which will cause difficulties for her spouse.

Women’s Economic Rights

A Muslim woman can engage in economic activity if she follows specific guidelines. Women with exceptional skills and the chance to pursue higher education can contribute to society’s progress, especially in teaching. However, in this case, a rigorous Islamic code of conduct must also be followed in the classroom. In terms of the medical field, obstetrics and gynecology are in dire need of female physicians. 

Islam encourages women to pursue careers in medicine. Women are welcome to participate in social welfare organizations. She can deal with young criminals, unhappy teenagers, and dropouts from school because of the love and affection that Allah has given her. If women run a factory, then she too has the right to work there.

Islam Respects Mother

Islam places a high value on women. It recognizes women as moms who deserve to be valued, deferred to, and shown care. It is believed that pleasing one’s mother contributes to pleasing Allah. Islam teaches that the best path to Paradise is via one’s mother or that Paradise is located at the feet of a mother.

Furthermore, Islam prohibits disrespecting or disregarding one’s mother, even in small ways. The mother has more rights than the father. Islamic teachings highlight the father’s growing need to care for the mother as she ages, demonstrating the all-encompassing, generation-spanning style of Islamic parenting.

Sons’ Duty to Provide for their Mothers

Islam grants mothers some rights, one of which is that her son, if he is able and able to pay for it, should spend it on her if she needs it. Thus, it was unheard of among Muslims for many centuries for a mother to be abandoned in an older adult’s household, for a son to eject her from home, for her sons to refuse to provide for her, or for her to have to labor if her sons were around to feed and drink.

Islam Respects Women as Spouses

Islam encourages the husband to treat his wife with kindness and argues that she has the same rights as him, except that he has more authority over her due to his financial and administrative responsibilities. 

Islam says that the finest Muslim men are those who treat their wives well, and it is against the law for a man to steal his wife’s money without her permission. 

Conclusion

Islam is a thorough code of life that addresses all areas of human life from birth to death. Allah created both males and females for worship and thralldom and to play various roles in society, but there is no superiority between them except in terms of morals. Women’s rights in all aspects of life are guaranteed by Islam, just as they are for men. The pious are the only ones who do not make gender distinctions.

To understand the actual position of women in Islam and to dispel the prevalent misconceptions about women’s rights in Islam, proper Islamic knowledge and awareness of women are essential, as is changing the dominating mentality of men.