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Islam is a major religion in the world. Muhammad was its founder. The religion has over 1.6 billion adherents worldwide. Most Muslims live in northern Africa, the Middle East, and southern and central Asia.

Islam is founded on the Quran, the religion’s holy book. For Muslims, the Quran contains God’s revelations to Muhammed, an Arab prophet who then passed them on to men. God’s Arabic name is Allah, but he has been given 99 different names.

Islam’s Beginnings

In the seventh century, Arabia gave birth to this religion. The Arabs were nomadic breeders in the seventh century. Some are sedentary, living in cities such as Mecca or Medina.

Islam is a religion that translates as “Peace.” Its calendar is lunar, meaning the days revolve around the moon’s cycle.

The Prophet of Islam Muhammad (PBUH)

According to Muslims, an angel told Muhammad (PBUH) in 610 that Allah had chosen him to be a prophet. Throughout his life, Muhammad (PBUH) received messages he believed were from God.

At the time, Arabs were unfamiliar with a single God. Because of this belief, many people in Muhammad’s hometown of Mecca disliked the new religion. Muhammad encouraged his followers to relocate to Medina, a nearby city, to avoid their hostility. Muhammad’s journey to Medina ended on September 24, 622, regarded as the beginning of Islamic history.

The Quran 

One of the first things you should introduce is the Quran because it is one of the most critical aspects of our religion, and we need to learn how to read it correctly; before that, you can read it and take a quick break to explain each surah or each part briefly.

The Quran contains everything we need to know about our religion, so explaining and reciting the Quran from a young age will teach us everything we need to know about our faith and help us grow into well-rounded individuals.

Islam’s Five Pillars

Share the following essential acts of worship that every Muslim performs:

Shahada (Declaration of Faith): Affirming belief in one God, Allah, and recognizing Muhammad as His messenger in the Shahada (Declaration of Faith).

Salah (prayer): Muslims offer five daily prayers in Mecca, facing the Kaaba.

Zakat (Charity): Muslims make charitable contributions to help those in need.

Fasting (Sawm): During Ramadan, Muslims refrain from eating and drinking from dawn to sunset.

Pilgrimage (Hajj): Muslims travel to Mecca at least once in their lifetime if they are financially and physically capable.

The Hadith

Ahadith are quotes from the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) that refer to a practice or a saying; they are a reference for Muslims, but only if they are authentic (truthful) Ahadith.

Holidays 

Important Islamic holidays include Eid el-Fitr, which commemorates the end of Ramadan; the great festival (Eid al-Adha), during which the throat of a sheep is slaughtered to symbolize Abraham’s (Ibrahim in Arabic) act; and the feast of the Prophet Muhammed (Mawlid). Everyone does not consider it a party.

Al-Hijira Moharam, which marks the beginning of the new year, is observed at the start of the first lunar month.

Divisions

Islam is divided into two major branches. The majority of Muslims are Sunni. They are known as Sunnis. Sunnis are considered traditional Muslims. They adhere to Muhammad’s teachings and place a premium on community.

Shiites are members of the smaller Shiite branch. They believe that the truths of the Koran can only be revealed through a community leader known as the imam. Interpretations from other people are not acknowledged. Shiites are, therefore, less receptive to opposing viewpoints than Sunnis.

What are Muslims’ beliefs?

Muslims hold six core beliefs:

  • Faith in Allah, the one true God.
  • Belief in the Angels
  • conviction in the sacred texts revealed to each Prophet, such as the Bible declared to Jesus, the Torah revealed to Moses, and the Qur’an revealed to Muhammad.
  • Have faith in the prophets of God, such as Moses, Jesus, Muhammad, Ishmael, Noah, Abraham, and Jacob. Muslims do not view Jesus as God’s Son in the same way that Christians do, even though they believe in Isa or Jesus.
  • Faith in the afterlife and the Day of Judgement. The best reward for doing good is becoming closer to God.
  • Belief in divine will. This means that while God is all-powerful and nothing can happen without His permission, he has given humans the freedom to choose whether to be good or bad. Everyone will be questioned about how they lived their lives in the end. 

Conclusion

Looking back, this guide helps you understand the basics of Islam better, especially if you’re new to the faith or have always wanted to learn more about it. Understanding these fundamentals—the six pillars of Islam, their meaning and brief history, and their application—is necessary to be a practicing Muslim. You will be led in the correct direction, I promise, once you have a firm understanding of the tenets of the Muslim faith, consider the verses from the Quran and the Sunnah and put them into practice in your daily life.   INSHALLAH, may ALLAH give you discernment and direction on the Islamic path.